Public sector transportation agencies are responsible for providing equitable access to safe, efficient transportation facilities and services for all people within their service area, with the intended outcome of enabling all people to conduct the essential economic and social interactions they need in order to survive, thrive and prosper. Yet achieving these outcomes involves many factors beyond the agency's control, from urban gentrification that pushes low-income families out to transit-inaccessible suburbs to changing demographic patterns in "majority-minority" communities. In this session, participants will glean insights from cutting-edge research and practitioner experience on the dynamics of equitable transportation planning.
Regional Equity Analysis Frameworks and State of the Practice in the United States
Hannah Twaddell, ICFShow Abstract View Presentation
Alex Karner, University of Texas, Austin
Fleming El-Amin, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
Presenters will provide an overview of current and recently published research and guidebooks sponsored by the National Academies, FHWA, and FTA. Reports include Environmental Justice Analysis in Transportation Planning and Programming State of the Practice (FHWA 2019); TCRP H-54 Guidebook for Equity Analysis in Regional Planning (pending 2020); and an FTA initiative to assess quantitative (e.g. transit onboard surveys) and qualitative elements (e.g. intergovernmental partnerships and board champions) of equitable accessibility and connectivity analyses.
Addressing Changing Demographics in Environmental Justice Analysis
Aaron Golub ADD50, Portland State UniversityShow Abstract View Presentation
Les Brown, ICF International Inc
This 2019 FHWA report documents how metropolitan planning organizations (MPO), State departments of transportation (DOT), and other transportation agencies are adapting Environmental Justice (EJ) analysis techniques to understand transportation impacts in communities undergoing rapid demographic change. The report also highlights national demographic trends, showing significant change in the size and location of low-income and minority households. The report also highlights strategies for addressing changing demographics in EJ analysis and provides five case studies that document best practices from State DOTs and MPOs in areas undergoing rapid demographic change.
Addressing Changing Demographics Report Featured Case Study: Metropolitan Transportation Commission Housing Displacement Risk Assessment and Action Plan
Vikrant Sood, Metropolitan Transportation Commission (MTC)Show Abstract
The nine-county San Francisco Bay Area transitioned to become “majority-minority” around 2000 and continues to become more diverse every year. Housing costs and urban redevelopment pressures have contributed to significant displacement of low income populations. MTC conducted a rigorous scenario-based technical assessment, coupled with in-depth qualitative assessments through focused, intensive stakeholder engagement, to test the impacts of the long-range regional transportation plan on displacement risk. The analysis framework addressed the interaction between transportation investments and housing prices and potential impacts on neighborhood displacement in order to forecast potential demographic shifts due to transportation investments. The resulting information supports a wide variety of planning and community engagement efforts aimed at improving equitable access to affordable housing and transportation options, including an multi-pronged Action Plan to coordinate programs affecting affordable housing supply and demand from multiple perspectives including resiliency, economic development of middle-wage jobs, and housing production, preservation, and protection.
Guidelines and Roadmap for Equity Planning in the European Union
Floridea Di Ciommo, cambiaMOShow Abstract View Presentation
Yoram Shiftan, Technion Israel Institute of Technology
This document includes a detailed framework for planning and implementing transportation equity principles and strategies through processes such as EU Sustainable Urban Mobility Plans (SUMPs). The aim of these guidelines is to provide transportation practitioners and urban planners a step by step process for assessing transportation projects and policies from an equity point of view. The report was sponsored by COST-TEA- European Cooperation in Science and Technology Transport Equity Analysis - https://www.teacost.eu, an EU-funded, intergovernmental framework dedicated to the creation of pan-European research networks in all science fields.
Addressing Changing Demographics in Environmental Justice Analysis: Review of Demographic Trends and State of Practice
Aaron Golub ADD50, Portland State UniversityShow Abstract
Les Brown, ICF International Inc
Michael Grant, ICF
Nathan McNeil, Portland State University
Charles Rynerson, Portland State University
Matt Gray, WSP USA Corp
Stephanie Lonsdale, Portland Bureau of Transportation
Madison Levy, HDR
This paper presents research recently funded and managed by FHWA about how metropolitan planning organizations (MPO), State departments of transportation (DOT), and other transportation agencies are adapting Environmental Justice (EJ) analysis techniques to understand transportation impacts in communities undergoing rapid demographic change. We present national demographic trends, showing significant change in the size and location of low-income and minority households. Based on the state of practice review, the report also highlights strategies for addressing changing demographics in EJ analysis and provides five case studies that document best practices from State DOTs and MPOs in areas undergoing rapid demographic change. Practices highlighted in this report offer practitioners improved methods for understanding and responding to demographic change in EJ communities across the lifecycle of a transportation action.