This session includes five papers accepted for presentation by the Standing Committee on Research Innovation Implementation Management.
Impacts of COVID-19 on Transportation Engineering Education and Research in the United States
Ruey Cheu (email@example.com), University of Texas, El PasoShow Abstract
Rodolfo Rincones, University of Texas, El Paso
Emiliano Ruiz, University of Texas, El Paso
Since March 2020, universities in the United States imposed physical distancing on all persons on campuses, canceled in-person classes, meetings and suspended travel in order to slow down the spread of COVID-19. Faculty members were given a few weeks in the middle of the Spring semester to change from in-person to online teaching and research activities. This research surveyed transportation faculty members across the country on the changes in their teaching and research practices, and university supports provided to assist them to meet the challenges. Ninety-two transportation faculty members responded to the Internet-based survey conducted between May 14 to June 12, 2020. Majority of the respondents rated their universities “supportive” to “very supportive” in online teaching and learning and “supportive” in research. Eighty-three percent of the respondents who taught undergraduate transportation courses switched from in-person to online lectures. Majority of the respondents took advantage of information technology to offer homework, problem solving sessions, office hours, tests and examinations. However, only 22% of the faculty members taught online laboratory sessions. The restrictions on travel, field work and laboratory experiment have affected faculty members’ ability to deliver on-going research projects. The respondents were split on their ability to secure new research projects. However, most of them did not expect significant change in their research performance. The respondents reported an additional 1.9 hrs/week of working time during COVID-19, primarily for teaching.
Horizon scanning for transport research and innovation governance: a European perspective
Anastasios Tsakalidis, European Commission Joint Research CentreShow Abstract
Elisa Boelman, European Commission Joint Research Centre
Alain Marmier, European Commission Joint Research Centre
Konstantinos Gkoumas, European Commission Joint Research Centre
Ferenc Pekar, European Commission Joint Research Centre
TRIMIS, the European Commission’s Transport Research and Innovation Monitoring and Information System is an open-access transport policy-support tool developed and managed by the Joint Research Centre to support the implementation of STRIA, the Strategic Transport Research and Innovation Agenda. STRIA covers seven priority areas through its dedicated roadmaps on: cooperative, connected and automated transport; transport electrification; vehicle design and manufacturing; low-emission alternative energy for transport; network and traffic management systems; smart mobility and services; and infrastructure. One of the objectives of TRIMIS is to provide a forward-oriented support to transport research and innovation governance by incorporating horizon scanning to its processes. The Joint Research Centre has developed a foresight capacity including horizon scanning. Within the TRIMIS frame, horizon scanning is applied through a structured and systematic collaborative exercise. Horizon scanning contributes to the identification of new and emerging technologies and trends, especialy those affecting the transport sector, supports the assessment of current and future research needs, and feeds into the broader European Commission foresight system with transport insights. Besides contributing to an improved transport sector, it also supports a higher-level strategic framework: Better policies through policy integration. This paper provides an overview of the TRIMIS horizon scanning methodology, its role, application, outcomes and identifies areas for further development.
Evidence-Based Challenges for Hyperloop Deployment: a Taxonomy of Research Issues based on Bibliographic Research
Konstantinos Gkoumas, European Commission Joint Research CentreShow Abstract
Michalis Christou, European Commission Joint Research Centre
Hyperloop is a new surface mode of passenger and freight transport that gained much visibility in the last years. Even though it has been introduced as a concept relatively recently, significant progress has been made so far, with several hyperloop promoters involved in research and development of hyperloop systems around the world. Nevertheless, considering the system complexity, and the absence a of a full-scale-full-capacity demonstration project so far, there are concerns that need to be addressed for what regards the safety and serviceability performance. This study leverages the status of hyperloop development, identifies issues and challenges, and provides policy insights towards testing and implementation. To this end, it builds a taxonomy of issues from scientific research, by analyzing all hyperloop technology developments in literature, applying the methodology developed for the European Commission’s Transport Research and Innovation Monitoring and Information System (TRIMIS).
How Prior Experience With Automated Technology Impacts Perceptions of Autonomous Vehicles: A Case Study of Midwestern Farmers
Josephine Hazelton, University of Nebraska, OmahaShow Abstract
Daniel Piatkowski, University of Nebraska, Lincoln
Autonomous Vehicles are likely coming soon, and their impacts are unclear. While there is speculation that they will result in increased safety and efficiency, any effect will depend on uptake of the new technology. Existing transportation literature suggests that early adopters tend to be younger, wealthier, tech-savvy, urbanites. While most farmers are neither wealthy nor urbanites, the agriculture industry is on the leading-edge of driverless technologies, and many farmers have extensive experience with these technologies. Diffusion of innovation theory would suggest that these farmers would be more likely to fall into the "early-adopter" category, and be enthusiastic about the introduction of autonomous vehicles. Through a series of in-depth interviews with leaders in the agriculture industry in Nebraska (growers, ag technology software engineers, and product specialists), our research questions assumptions of technology diffusion theory and explores the impacts of experience with automated agricultural technology on perceptions of autonomous vehicles. By focusing on the experiences of those who have participated in the decision-making calculus of new automated technologies--rather than focusing exclusively on early speculative perceptions with inexperienced populations--this study offers a more holistic scope to understanding AV adoption decisions. Our findings span four themes: technology adoption, misaligned expectations, challenges with the technology, and perceptions of the technology. Across all themes, we suggest that proactive policies addressing user expectations and behavior, and necessary infrastructure and are needed to ensure autonomous vehicles meet or exceed expectations without unintended consequences.
A Roadmap Towards a Florida Automated, Connected, Electric, and Shared (ACES) Transportation Ecosystem
Austin Sipiora, University of South FloridaShow Abstract
Jason Jackman, University of South Florida
Yicheng Huang, University of South Florida
Nikhil Menon, University of South Florida
Robert Bertini, Oregon State University
The fields of Automated, Connected, Electric and Shared (ACES) transportation technologies are set to define the next decades of mobility innovation. The emergence of these mobility technologies has brought about a wide variety of new research, policies, implementation strategies, pilot demonstrations, evaluations, and public transportation solutions to the forefront. These ACES verticals can provide a future transportation network with the potential for substantially enhanced safety and capacity while approaching zero emissions from vehicles. A web-based ACES Roadmap and Activity Viewer was created to connect key public, private, and academic players and further accelerate the coordinated and collaborative implementation of these advanced technologies within the state of Florida. The Florida ACES Activity Viewer can be recognized as a best practice for establishing strategic alliances and partnerships between industry, academia and the government; scoping the inventory of infrastructure; fostering collaborative technology and data sharing practices; implementing state-level coordination; and documenting lessons learned future opportunities in ACES research. The current study details the evolution of this roadmap, helps to better understand its impact, and provides more insight on how other states could benefit from this collaboration effort.
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