Escaping Transport and Fuel Poverty: A Novel Framework for Transportation Energy Vulnerability Analysis
Eleftheria Kontou, University of Illinois, Urbana-ChampaignShow Abstract
Fuel poverty captures the inability to afford adequate energy use for household heating and other activities, primarily related to the residential sector. In the US, domestic energy burden disproportionately affects low-income households. In addition to residential energy use, transportation is a major US energy-consuming sector systematically excluded from fuel poverty calculations. Transportation energy use facilitates access to opportunities in the US sprawled, car-oriented development. Long commuting and high fuel prices can impose a burden on meeting household travel needs and raising the share of transportation expenses relative to a household’s income. American car dependence, low neighborhood density, and unreliable public transport service can increase the population share vulnerable to transportation energy use changes.
Evaluating Transportation Access for Communities of Concern
Casey Bruno, EBPShow Abstract
Cecilia Viggiano, EBP-US
Russell Pildes, EBP-US
Transportation planners conduct equity analysis to ensure that transportation benefits are distributed equally across populations. While some equity evaluation methods focus on access
Geographical Information Systems-based Evacuation Analysis of Vulnerable Communities in the Florida Panhandle: A Case Study of Hurricane Michael
Simone Burns, Florida A&M UniversityShow Abstract
Eren Ozguven, Florida A&M University-Florida State University College of Engineering
Hurricane Michael was the first Category 5 hurricane ever to hit the Florida Panhandle, leaving thousands of residents without housing for weeks, if not months. The evacuation was particularly challenging for vulnerable communities since they needed more time and assistance before the hurricane hit. Evacuating the elderly takes on additional complexity because any extra time they incur in reaching safety can be especially confounding in light of their potential health problems. This paper proposes a Geographical Information Systems-based methodology to assess the vulnerability of two Florida counties, namely Bay and Gulf, substantially impacted by Hurricane Michael.
Resources & Technologies for Understanding Resiliency and Community Impacts of Climate in Vulnerable & Marginalized Communities
Teresa Townsend, Planning Communities, LLCShow Abstract
Steven Bert, Institute for Transportation Research and Education
Steve Steinberg, Los Angeles County Department of Public Works
We explore data, spatial resources and technologies to assess and build capacity for community resilience to climate impacts affecting vulnerable and marginalized communities. Considering climate effects as an essential component of community impact analysis begins with a recognition that everyone is affected in different ways. Many social, cultural, racial, ecological, and economic factors affect people’s sensitivity to these impacts and their ability to adapt to a changing climate and recover from climate-related events. We share examples of ways these factors can be identified and integrated into a community assessment of resources and impacts to proactively assess resiliency of these communities related to specific climate events.
The Data Driven Approach to Virtual Public Involvement
Leah Epstein, HNTB CorporationShow Abstract
Erica Blonde, HNTB Corporation
Public engagement has long been an important piece of the project development process. Over the last several decades, virtual tools have helped agencies reach broader audiences in a way that is meaningful and consistent with the expectations of the modern stakeholder. The COVID-19 pandemic has brought conversations around virtual public engagement to the forefront and demonstrated the irreplaceable value that virtual tools have to reach new stakeholder demographics. Our poster will highlight virtual strategies and present on our data driven approach to evaluating the effectiveness of reaching Environmental Justice communities and other historically underrepresented demographics. We will also demonstrate how this data can be readily utilized as part of the NEPA documentation process.
Feasibility of Implementing Planning and Environmental Linkages: Case Study Of Cumulative Noise Impacts On A Residential Community
John Miller, Virginia Department of TransportationShow Abstract
Amy O'Leary, Virginia Transportation Research Council
Rick Youngblood, Virginia Department of Transportation
Lewis Lloyd, Virginia Department of Transportation
I Jun, University of Virginia
Caleb Neale, University of Virginia
A critical dimension of a transportation project is its impact on community noise levels. Noise analyses are routinely conducted as part of the project’s environmental review process,often in response to federal NEPA and state level requirements. A challenge with such analyses is the cost they add to project review, both for data collection and analytic work. In addition to an increased project cost, an opportunity cost is that such analyses may not be performed until later in the project development process—meaning stakeholders have less opportunity to influence a project’s direction than would be the case if they possessed knowledge of noise impacts at the time of project conception.
A Blueprint for the Post-COVID Era: Planning for Health Equity, Advocacy & Leadership (PHEAL)
Kelly Rodgers, Portland State UniversityShow Abstract
Consistent with the TRB 100th annual meeting theme that calls for a focus on quality of life, the PHEAL principles re-conceptualize our approach to transportation practice by centering health equity and racial justice in our work. The Planning for Health Equity, Advocacy & Leadership (PHEAL) blueprint is a tool for professionals and technical experts working at public, private, and non-profit organizations that operate in urban, suburban, rural, and other settlement contexts in the following broad fields: planning, urban design, architecture, landscape architecture, civil engineering, transportation, community development, real estate, parks and recreation, sustainability and resilience, green building, public health, and any other professions concerned with the impact of the built environment and health outcomes.
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