January 13-17, 2019
Washington, D.C.
TRB 98th Annual Meeting

Smart Cities, Public Transportation, and Seamless Modal Transfers in Developing Countries

Sunday, January 07, 2018, 9:00 AM-12:00 PM, Convention Center 2018
V. Setty Pendakur, Pacific Policy and Planning Associates; Dario Hidalgo, World Resources Institute (WRI), presiding
Sponsored by Standing Committee on Transportation in the Developing Countries

Many cities in Asia and Latin America are expanding and investing in public transportation systems; however, a disconnect between various modes is apparent, along with serious gaps in seamless transfer among modes. The safety and convenience of pedestrians and cyclists also are a low priority. This workshop focuses on planning, financing, and institutional challenges in Asian and Latin American public transportation systems.

Integrated Transit System for Quito, Equador
Arturo Ardila-Gomez, The World Bank; Alejandro Hoyos Guerrero, The World Bank

Once the Quito Metro Line One Project becomes operational, it will become the backbone of Quito’s Integrated Transit Network (ITN). The ITN also includes a comprehensive Bus Rapid Transit system, feeder buses to the metro and the BRT, and buses in mixed traffic. In 2016, the World Bank commissioned a stated preference study to understand better under what conditions users will transfer modes, stop using their cars and use the ITN. This presentation will examine the main results of this study disaggregated by gender and income, and show the conditions under which the metro will become the backbone of Quito’s ITN.

El Paso, Texas, and Ciudad Juarez, Mexico: Bikesharing Across the Borders
Michael Medina, El Paso Metropolitan Planning Organization

Across many sister cities at international borders are closely knit together by social fabric in addition trade and commerce.  Plenty of examples exist at borders: Canada/USA, USA/Mexico, India/Pakistan and China/Russia.  This presentation focuses on the possibilities and the potential for the proposed Bike-Share System across the border between El Paso Texas and Ciudad Juarez, Mexico.

DIDI: The App-Based Taxi Service in Shenzhen, China
Jiawen Yang

While the rest of the world uses “UBER”, China uses its own app-based taxi service, such as “DIDI”.  Examining the status of this new mobility service industry, this presentation first covers the role of the government (licensing, public safety, traffic safety and passenger safety), role of the drivers (service providers) and the role of passenger (service user) in shaping this new service. It also covers operational characteristics, levels of passenger satisfaction, and challenges. This presentation is based on the experience in Shenzhen, China, a metropolitan area of nearly 13 million residents. 


Bikeshare System in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India, and Its Connectivity with the City's BRT
Amit Bhatt, WRI

Bhopal, the capital city of Madhya Pradesh, in Central India, has been selected to become one of India's 100 smart cities. In order to provide a strong feeder network to its BRT system and to help enhance the use of non-motorized modes, Bhopal has set up a Public Bike sharing system using 500 bicylces to start with and has also built 2 dedicated bike lanes as part of a wider bicycle network. The system has seen a rapid increase in use, even at an early stage. The presentation will highlight the challenges faced during implementation and the current performance of the system and specifics on what makes the system work well.. 

Implementation Failures of BRT Systems in Latin America
Carlos Mojica, Inter-American Development Bank

This presentation analyzes specific cases in which BRT projects have faced technical, financial, political or legal challenges.  Although in general, the BRT private concession model is considered successful, in some cases the private operators have experienced serious financial problems, which have led to a decline in the quality of service or to bankruptcy. In other cases, the BRT has not been successful due to design flaws, lack of a trained management body, or political interference. Although case studies generally focus on successful experiences, this study sheds light on instances of failure which have not been studied to establish causes and mechanisms for solution.  Data and analysis presented are derived from implementation experiences in Tegucigulpa, Honduras, San Salvador, Santiago, Chile, Cali, Colombia and Asuncion, Paraguay.


Pedestrians, Public Bikes, BRT, Connectivity, and Public Rail Networks in Buenos Aires, Argentina
Nicolas Estupinan, Development Bank for Latin America (CAF); Juan Jose Mendez, City of Buenos Aires

Buenos Aires has overcome an urban revolution by focusing on transport and mobility at a human scale. The Sustainable Mobility Plan that is being implemented integrates different multi-modal transport solutions, putting people first, designing all solutions and interventions thinking about pedestrians, cyclist, public transport users, fostering equity, inclusion and connectivity for all. Throughout, this presentation will delve on interventions such as the major expansion of the Public Bicycle Program, BRT Corridors, features of the RER (major urban rail network) and transfer stations.