January 7-11, 2018
Washington, D.C.
TRB 97th Annual Meeting
149

Mind the Gap: Can Inclusive Cities Bridge Social Equity Disparities?

Sunday, January 07, 2018, 1:30 PM-4:30 PM, Convention Center
Sheila Mitra-Sarkar, Future Trans; Floridea Di Ciommo, CENIT-UPC BarcelonaTech; Ariane Dupont-Kieffer, University of Paris, presiding
Sponsored by Standing Committee on Women's Issues in Transportation; Standing Committee on International Cooperation; Standing Committee on Traveler Behavior and Values; Subcommittee on Behavioral Processes: Qualitative and Quantitative Methods; Standing Committee on Pedestrians; and Standing Committee on Bicycle Transportation

Transportation equity analysis is important in planning, which has significant equity impacts and equity concerns; however, transportation equity is difficult to evaluate because of the variety of types, impacts, measurement units, and categories of people to consider. A review of literature and research confirms that still little is known about specific needs of genders and their sociodemographics. Without an adequate understanding of 50% of the population, how can equity be measured accurately? An emphasis on inclusivity of cities creates a more supportive environment for discussions of equity, which often are footnotes or fine print and are not taken seriously.

BRAZILIAN WOMEN WALKABILITY INDEX: PARTICIPATORY CONSTRUCTION OF A NATIONWIDE INDEX TO PROMOTE WOMEN PEDESTRIAN POLICY IN A DEVELOPING COUNTRY
Adriana Cristina Souza, Universidade de Brasilia; Mateus Andrade, Universidade de Lisboa; Lua Bittencourt, Universidade de Lisboa

Commonly disregarded by most of the studies within urban research, the pedestrian mobility and the gender differences are brought together in this paper as central topics to discuss transport policy in a developing country.

Developed through the participatory eliciting of weights (N = 581 women) and applied in 50 municipalities throughout Brazil, the Brazilian Women Walkability Index (BWWI) represented the perception of local women on four features of the urban environment: sidewalks, public lighting, security, and length of daily trips. This favored the construction of a linear regression model to search for the validation of the obtained BWWI, which was performed through the inclusion of widespread and consolidated indicators as predictors: the Human Development Index (HDI) and the Gini index. Besides yielding a satisfactory goodness-of-fit within public policies (adjusted R² = 0.498), the retrieved coefficients seem appropriate: a city with greater human development and lower inequality may result in a more attractive urban environment for women.

The presented study pursues the incorporation of the perspective of gender in mobility studies as an essential element to understand the constraints to the occupation of the public spaces by the simple fact of not being a man. To do this, the perspective of pedestrian women is greatly emphasized, considering their requirements and idiosyncrasies as they walk in the city.

Collaboration and Partnership to Advance Equity in the Built Environment
Jesse Cohn, Fehr & Peers DC; Randy Andrade - Van Vleck, City Heights Community Development Corporation

 

Equity in Transportation in the Middle Eastern Countries
Laurence Pickup, Vectos Ltd

 

Wrap Around Service to Bus Homeless Kids to School
Juin Dutta, No Organization; Sheila Mitra-Sarkar, Future Trans

 

Creating Spaces for the Trans Community in Delhi, India
Taru Taru, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

 

How to Bring Equity to Women Who Escaped Torture and Violence in Their Homes?
Vaishali Agarwal; Deepali Vandana

 

Equity in Our Work Places
Kulsum Fatima, University of Calgary; Dawn Spanhake, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities

 

Accessibility Indicators that Improve Equity
Aimee Aguilar Jaber, International Transport Forum at the OECD; Dimitrios Papaioannou, International Transport Forum at the OECD

 

Location-based to Person-based Connectivity: What is the difference and what are the latent barriers?
Sigal Kaplan, Hebrew University of Jerusalem

 

Mobility strategies and tactics in Chilean Cities: Interdependence and mobility of care
Juan Carrasco, Universidad de Concepcion

 

Next steps to Bridge the Equity Gap
Sheila Mitra-Sarkar, Future Trans; Floridea Di Ciommo, CENIT-UPC BarcelonaTech; Heather Allen, Transport Research Laboratory, Ltd. (TRL); Ariane Dupont-Kieffer, University of Paris

 

Equity Indicators for Special Needs Travelers
JoAnne Chalom, AERBVI Environmental Access Committe; Laura Park-Leach, Metrolina Association for the Blind (MAB)