January 12-16, 2020
Washington, D.C.
TRB 99th Annual Meeting

Mind the Gap: Can Inclusive Cities Bridge Social Equity Disparities?

Sunday, January 7, 2018, 1:30 PM-4:30 PM, Convention Center 2018
Sheila Mitra-Sarkar, Future Trans; Floridea Di Ciommo, cambiaMO/changing MObility; Ariane Dupont-Kieffer, Université Paris-Est, presiding
Sponsored by Standing Committee on Women's Issues in Transportation; Standing Committee on International Cooperation; Standing Committee on Traveler Behavior and Values; Subcommittee on Behavioral Processes: Qualitative and Quantitative Methods; Standing Committee on Pedestrians; and Standing Committee on Bicycle Transportation

Transportation equity analysis is important in planning, which has significant equity impacts and equity concerns; however, transportation equity is difficult to evaluate because of the variety of types, impacts, measurement units, and categories of people to consider. A review of literature and research confirms that still little is known about specific needs of genders and their sociodemographics. Without an adequate understanding of 50% of the population, how can equity be measured accurately? An emphasis on inclusivity of cities creates a more supportive environment for discussions of equity, which often are footnotes or fine print and are not taken seriously.

Brazilian Women Walkability Index: Participatory Construction of a Nationwide Index to Promote Women Pedestrian Policy in a Developing Country
Adriana Cristina Souza, Universidade de Brasilia; Mateus Andrade, Instituto Superior de Engenharia de Lisboa; Lua Bittencourt, Instituto Superior de Engenharia de Lisboa

Commonly disregarded by most of the studies within urban research, the pedestrian mobility and the gender differences are brought together in this paper as central topics to discuss transport policy in a developing country.

Developed through the participatory eliciting of weights (N = 581 women) and applied in 50 municipalities throughout Brazil, the Brazilian Women Walkability Index (BWWI) represented the perception of local women on four features of the urban environment: sidewalks, public lighting, security, and length of daily trips. This favored the construction of a linear regression model to search for the validation of the obtained BWWI, which was performed through the inclusion of widespread and consolidated indicators as predictors: the Human Development Index (HDI) and the Gini index. Besides yielding a satisfactory goodness-of-fit within public policies (adjusted R² = 0.498), the retrieved coefficients seem appropriate: a city with greater human development and lower inequality may result in a more attractive urban environment for women.

The presented study pursues the incorporation of the perspective of gender in mobility studies as an essential element to understand the constraints to the occupation of the public spaces by the simple fact of not being a man. To do this, the perspective of pedestrian women is greatly emphasized, considering their requirements and idiosyncrasies as they walk in the city.

Collaboration and Partnership to Advance Equity in the Built Environment
Jesse Cohn, Fehr & Peers; Randy Andrade - Van Vleck, City Heights Community Development Corporation


Equity in Transportation in the Middle Eastern Countries
Laurence Pickup, Vectos Ltd


Wrap Around Service to Bus Homeless Kids to School
Juin Dutta, No Organization; Sheila Mitra-Sarkar, Future Trans


Creating Spaces for the Trans Community in Delhi, India
Taru Taru, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor


How to Bring Equity to Women Who Escaped Torture and Violence in Their Homes?
Vaishali Agarwal; 1305Deepali Vandana


Equity in Our Work Places
Kulsum Fatima, University of Calgary; Dawn Hood, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities


Accessibility Indicators that Improve Equity
Aimee Aguilar Jaber, International Transport Forum; Dimitrios Papaioannou, International Transport Forum


Location-Based to Person-Based Connectivity: What is the Difference and What Are the Latent Barriers?
Sigal Kaplan, Hebrew University of Jerusalem


Mobility Strategies and Tactics in Chilean Cities: Interdependence and Mobility of Care
Juan Carrasco, Universidad de Concepcion


Next Steps to Bridge the Equity Gap
Sheila Mitra-Sarkar, Future Trans; Floridea Di Ciommo, cambiaMO/changing MObility; Heather Allen, Transport Research Laboratory, Ltd. (TRL); Ariane Dupont-Kieffer, Université Paris-Est


Equity Indicators for Special Needs Travelers
JoAnne Chalom, In Focus Mobility; Laura Park-Leach, Metrolina Association for the Blind (MAB)