In the past year there has been increased media coverage of gentrification and at the same time political attention on transportation appears at a low point. This session pulls away the rhetoric to look at the evidence of how transportation capital investments and operational funding affect communities positively and negatively.
Residential Preferences, Transit Accessibility, and Social Equity
Kara LuckeyShow Abstract
Wesley Marshall, University of Colorado, Denver
Carol Atkinson-Palombo, University of Connecticut
Our work exploring preferences of Denver metropolitan area households in deciding where to live provides important insights for regions seeking to leverage investments in transit and promote social equity through transit-oriented communities (TOC). Through a choice-based approach that improves on standard methodologies, we find evidence of widespread support for characteristics of TOC, with similar preferences for transit- and pedestrian-accessible environments among low-income and more affluent households. However, despite these similar preferences, we find that affluent households moved to station areas after the arrival of light rail in much larger proportions than low-income households, pointing to trends that are consistent with local and national evidence of increased housing prices near transit. If these trends continue without additional supplies of housing affordable to low- and moderate-income households in transit-rich neighborhoods, those who are most likely to benefit from and use transit are likely to face increasing difficulty in realizing preferences for TOCs.
Gentrification, Displacement and the Role of Public Investment
Karen Chapple, University of California, Berkeley