Improving Intercity Passenger Rail Planning Using Evidence from Passenger Survey Data
Benjamin Sperry, Ohio UniversityShow Abstract
Tyler Collins, Ohio University
Federal mandates require that states develop comprehensive state rail plans that clarify a vision for the role of intercity passenger rail services in the state’s transportation system and a program of projects necessary to achieve that vision. In that context, this paper presents an analysis of more than 10,000 surveys obtained during the past 10 years from passengers of five U.S. state-supported intercity passenger rail routes. The purpose of the analysis is to support the development of state rail plans by gaining valuable insight on passenger behavior, the market area for passenger rail services, and the broader mobility impacts of passenger rail services. The market area analysis found that approximately three-quarters of rail passengers live within 30 miles of a rail station, affirming the use of this distance as a radius for planning purposes. The mobility analysis indicated that automobile is the primary alternative to passenger rail services among passengers of the five routes; statistical models of alternative mode preference yielded significant insight on strategies that states can implement to increase the mode shift of automobile and airplane passengers to rail services. The findings and recommendations of this paper can be used by planners and policymakers to implement a practical yet data-driven approach to the development of passenger-related components of state rail plans, providing a clear linkage between investment strategies and statewide mobility goals.
Access and Egress of HSR Stations and Their Role in Passengers’ Overall Satisfaction with HSR Journeys
Xinyu Cao, University of Minnesota, Twin CitiesShow Abstract
Feng Zhen, Nanjing University
JIa Tang, Nanjing University
Passenger satisfaction is critical to maintain high speed rail (HSR) ridership growth. A whole HSR trip includes four travel segments: access to HSR stations, waiting, line-haul, and egress from HSR stations. Satisfaction with any segment will influence passenger experience of HSR. However, previous studies have paid more attention to passenger satisfaction with line-haul segment, but overlooked the effects of all four segments on overall HSR satisfaction, especially access and egress segments. Using a path analysis to a 2016 Shanghai-Nanjing HSR corridor survey, this study explores the influences of access and egress on overall HSR satisfaction and the correlates of satisfaction with HSR access and egress. We found that although HSR line-haul satisfaction dominates overall HSR satisfaction, satisfaction with HSR access and egress collectively have an equivalent effect. Furthermore, travel time and route familiarity have important influences on both access and egress segments. Mode choice also affects satisfaction with HSR egress and egress by car carries the largest utility. Thus, traveler information and the integration of HSR with urban transportation system are critical to improve HSR service.
Impact of Individual Attributes, Train Service Attributes, and Station Accessibility on the Behavior of Choosing Among Conventional Rail, Intercity Rail, and High-Speed Rail in the Nanjing–Shanghai Corridor
Zao Lin, Southeast UniversityShow Abstract
Min Yang, Southeast University
Wei Wang, Southeast University
Xiang Pu, Tianjin Municipal Engineering Design and Research Institute
Chengcheng Xu, Southeast University
Yuxuan Wang, Southeast University
The entry of high-speed rail (HSR) and intercity rail has greatly affected conventional rail. The three rail modes differ not only in train service attributes but in station accessibility. The conventional rail has a strong price advantage but performs poorly in travel speed; the intercity rail has advantages on travel speed and station accessibility but is rather expensive; and the HSR remains the best option of travel speed but is hindered by the weak link between the suburban station and city center. However, few studies have considered their differences in station accessibility or analyzed the impact of station accessibility on modal choice among them. This paper considers these three rail modes in the Nanjing-Shanghai corridor and explicitly quantifies their differences in train service attributes and station accessibility. Using travel survey data collected from passengers of these rail modes, a multinomial logit model is established to analyze the effect of passengers’ individual attributes, train service attributes and station accessibility in the choice behavior among the three modes. The results indicate that this choice behavior is influenced by age, education background, occupation, source of expenses, train running time, fare/income ratio, access/egress mode and access/egress time to/from stations. In particular, the impact of access/egress time to/from stations is far greater than that of the train running time; thus, strategies that reduce the access/egress time would be more effective than those that reduce the train running time. These findings are helpful for rail service optimization and can promote the attractiveness of rail transportation.
Keywords: Intercity travel, High-speed rail, Intercity rail, Station accessibility, Multinomial logit model
Access to Intercity Passenger Rail: Effects on Mode Choice and Trip Frequency
Lisa Lorena Losada Rojas, Purdue UniversityShow Abstract
V. Dimitra Pyrialakou, West Virginia University
Christos Gkartzonikas, Purdue University
Konstantina Gkritza, Purdue University
Passenger rail service is an integral part of intercity transportation networks, especially in areas where residents do not have access to a car or there are not any other options for intercity travel. In the United States, some areas have experienced a decline in passenger rail service, including reductions in the frequency or entire abandonment of service. Using data collected on board the Hoosier State Train in Indiana, this paper estimates a multi-attribute attitude model to assess how transportation mode preferences for intercity travel and factors considered in mode choice decision vary among people with different levels of access to an intercity passenger rail line. Furthermore, this paper estimates an ordered probit model to investigate how passenger characteristics as well as factors associated with both access to a rail line and mode choice decisions relate to frequency of travel by intercity rail. The findings of this study suggest that transportation mode preferences and the order of importance of factors considered in mode choice decisions can vary as the level of access to a rail line varies. In addition, some of the factors affecting mode choice decisions (such as safety and ease of use) and some access-related factors appeared to be associated with trip frequency; however, the findings with respect to the access were inconclusive. The results of this study can assist Amtrak and state transportation agencies identify which aspects of rail service can be enhanced to attract more ridership and promote the use of intercity passenger train in the U.S.